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Flach, B. 2020. Dutch wood pellet imports surge to a new record in 2019. US Foreign Agricultural Service NL2020-0017. Available at:
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Flach, B., Lieverz, S. & Bolla, S. 2020. Biofuels annual. US Foreign Agricultural Service. Report E42020-0032. Available at: Annual_The Hague_European Union_06-29-2020

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Components of wood products groups

(Based on Joint Forest Sector Questionnaire nomenclature)

The diagrams below show the important breakdowns of the major groups of primary forest products. In addition, some sub-items (all roundwood products; sawnwood; veneer and plywood) are further divided into softwood or hardwood. Items that do not fit into listed aggregates are not shown. These are wood charcoal; wood chips and particles; wood residues; recovered wood; pellets and agglomerates; sawnwood; veneer; other pulp; and recovered paper.

Countries in the UNECE region and its subregions

Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia

Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Republic of Moldova, Russian Federation, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan

North America

Canada, United States of America

European Union

Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czechia, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom* (*The United Kingdom left the European Union on 31 January 2020)

Europe (other countries)

Albania, Andorra, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Iceland, Israel, Liechtenstein, Monaco, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Norway, San Marino, Serbia, Switzerland, Turkey

List of authors


Orifjon Abidov - 4 - European Panel Federation, Brussels, Belgium -

Francisco Aguilar - 6 - University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri, USA -

Eduard Akim - 5 - State Technological University of Plant Polymers, St Petersburg, Russian Federation -

Delton Alderman - 1 - USDA Forest Service, Princeton, West Virginia, USA -

Matthew Bumgardner - 3 - USDA Forest Service, Delaware, Ohio, US -

Ivan Eastin - 4 - University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA -

Håkan Ekström - 2 - Wood Resources International LLC, Seattle, Washington, USA -

Kathryn Fernholz - 1 - Dovetail Partners, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA -

Christopher Gaston - 7 - University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada -

Branko Glavonjić - 6 - Faculty of Forestry, Belgrade State University, Belgrade, Serbia -

Antti Koskinen - 3 - Pöyry Management Consulting Oy, Vantaa, Finland -

Klaus Kottwitz - 3 - Timber and Sawmill Industry (DeSH), Germany -

William Luppold - 3 - USDA Forest Service, Princeton, West Virginia, USA -

Warren Mabee - 6 - Queens University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada -

Frances Maplesden - 3, 4 - Maplesden Consulting, Rotorua, New Zealand -

Igor Novoselov - 1, 3, 4 - WhatWood, Moscow, Russian Federation -

Tapani Pahkasalo - 7 - Dasos Capital Oy, Helsinki, Finland -

José Palacín - 1 - United Nations Economic Commission for Europe, Geneva, Switzerland -

RussTaylor - 3 - International Wood Markets Group Inc., Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada -

Michel Valois - 5 - Valois Vision Marketing, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada -

Some facts about the european forestry commission

The European Forestry Commission (EFC), which was created in 1947, is one of six Regional Forestry Commissions established by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) to provide a policy and technical forum for countries to discuss and address forest issues on a regional basis.

The purpose of EFC is to advise on the formulation of forest policy and to review and coordinate its implementation at the regional level; to exchange information; to advise on suitable practices and actions to address technical and economic problems (generally through special Subsidiary Bodies); and to make appropriate recommendations in relation to the foregoing. The EFC meets every two years and its official languages are English, French and Spanish.

The EFC has a number of associated subsidiary bodies, including the Working Party on the Management of Mountain Watersheds, the UNECE/FAO Working Party on Forest Statistics, Economics and Management; and seven UNECE/FAO Teams of Specialists. 

FAO encourages the wide participation of government officials from forestry and other sectors as well as representatives of international, regional and subregional organizations that deal with forest-related issues in the region, including non-governmental organizations and the private sector. Accordingly, the EFC is open to all Members and Associate Members whose territories are situated wholly or in part in the European Region or who are responsible for the international relations of any non-self-governing territory in that region. Membership comprises such eligible Member Nations as have notified the Director-General of their desire to be considered as Members.

The EFC is one of the technical commissions serving the FAO Regional Office for Europe and Central Asia (REU), and the EFC Secretary is based in Geneva. EFC work is regulated by its Rules of Procedures, which were adopted by the FAO Conference in 1961 and amended at the Eighteenth Session of the EFC in 1977.

Some facts about the committee on forests and the forest industry

The UNECE Committee on Forests and the Forest Industry (COFFI) is a principal subsidiary body of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) based in Geneva. It constitutes a forum for cooperation and consultation between member countries on forestry, the forest industry and forest product matters. All countries of Europe, Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia, the United States of America, Canada and Israel are members of the UNECE and participate in its work.

  1. With the active participation of member countries, undertake short-, medium- and long-term analyses of developments in, and having an impact on, the sector, including those developments offering possibilities for facilitating international trade and for enhancing the protection of the environment;
  2. In support of these analyses, collect, store and disseminate statistics relating to the sector, and carry out activities to improve their quality and comparability;
  3. Provide a framework for cooperation, for example by organizing seminars, workshops and ad hoc meetings and setting up time-limited ad hoc groups, for the exchange of economic, environmental and technical information between governments and other institutions of member countries required for the development and implementation of policies leading to the sustainable development of the sector and the protection of the environment in their respective countries;
  4. Carry out tasks identified by the UNECE or the Committee on Forests and the Forest Industry as being of priority, including the facilitation of subregional cooperation and activities in support of the economies in transition of central and eastern Europe and of the countries of the region that are developing from an economic perspective; and
  5. Keep under review its structure and priorities and cooperate with other international and intergovernmental organizations active in the sector, and in particular with FAO (the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations) and its European Forestry Commission, and with the International Labour Organization, in order to ensure complementarity and to avoid duplication, thereby optimizing the use of resources.

More information about the work of the EFC and COFFI may be obtained by contacting:

UNECE/FAO Forestry and Timber Section
Forests, Land and Housing Division
United Nations Economic Commission for Europe / Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Palais des Nations
CH-1211 Geneva 10, Switzerland

E-mail >

Website >

Information Service
United Nations Economic Commission for Europe

Palais des Nations

CH - 1211 Geneva 10, Switzerland

Telephone: +41(0)22 917 12 34

Fax: +41(0)22 917 05 05

E-mail >

Website >


Sales No.
ISBN 978-92-1-117257-7
ISSN 1020-2269
eISSN 2518-6450

Designed and Printed at United Nations, Geneva – 2011553 (E) – October 2020 – 1,059 – ECE/TIM/SP/50